In the wake of 10 deaths because of West Nile virus, and a huge selection of infections, authorities in Texas are spraying insecticide in the Dallas region, hoping to curb the spread of the condition, that may spread by mosquitoes.
A complete of 693 cases of West Nile virus infections, including 26 deaths, were reported by Aug. 14 to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Week in August may be the highest since 1999 The amount of cases reported by this second, when the condition was first observed in the U.S., based on the CDC.
About 60 percent of the year’s cases have involved the «neuroinvasive» kind of West Nile infection, where the nervous system is affected. Such cases could cause inflammation of neural tissues, such as for example meningitis and encephalitis. A lot more than 80 percent of most reported cases were from six states (Texas, Mississippi, Louisiana, Oklahoma, South California and Dakota, and almost half of most cases have already been reported from Texas.
Listed below are five things you have to know about West Nile virus:
1. What’s West Nile virus?
West Nile virus is a kind of virus called a flavivirus. Other viruses in this combined group cause dengue, yellow fever and Japanese encephalitis. Flaviviruses are generally transmitted by ticks and mosquitoes. West Nile virus was initially determined in Uganda in 1937, based on the National Institutes of Health (NIH).
2. How does West Nile Virus spread?
Chances are that West Nile is spread from birds to people through mosquito bites, the NIH says. Early fall may be the season that mosquitoes generally have the highest degrees of the virus, and human cases have a tendency to peak for this time.
The virus may also be spread through blood transfusions and organ transplants. Women that are pregnant can transmit the virus with their fetus, and mothers can transmit it to babies through breast milk, the CDC says.
West Nile virus can’t be spread by informal contact, or kissing or touching an infected person, based on the CDC.
3. What exactly are the symptoms of a West Nile infection?
About 80 percent of individuals infected with West Nile show no symptoms at all, based on the CDC.
The other 20 percent have symptoms such as for example fever, headache, body aches, nausea, vomiting and swollen lymph glands sometimes. Some create a rash on the chest, stomach and back. Symptoms may last from a couple of days to many weeks.
Severe kinds of West Nile, which affect the nervous system, could be life-threatening. The NIH says that the next symptoms need prompt medical assistance: muscle weakness, stiff neck, weakness in a single arm or leg, confusion or a change in ability to think and loss of consciousness or coma clearly.
4. How do i prevent catching West Nile?
The CDC recommends using an insect repellent which has among the following ingredients: DEET, picardin, oil of lemon eucalyptus (or a synthetic version of the oil, called PMD), or IR3535. ENVIRONMENTALLY FRIENDLY suggests These ingredients Protection Agency because they offer reasonably long-lasting protection against mosquito bites.
The CDC suggests wearing long sleeves and pants also, or staying indoors, dusk and dawn at, when mosquitoes are most active.
Mosquitoes breed in standing water, therefore removing standing water from flower pots, pet dishes, barrels and buckets can decrease the threat of transmission. Children’s wading pools ought to be emptied and kept on the sides you should definitely used.
5. How is West Nile virus treated?
There is absolutely no treatment for West Nile virus infections, based on the CDC.
Mild symptoms can resolve by themselves. People with serious symptoms may need to be hospitalized and receive intravenous help or fluids with breathing, the CDC says.
Pass it on : Authorities in Dallas are spraying insecticide, hoping to curb the spread of the West Nile Virus, which includes killed 10.
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