5 Things YOU HAVE TO KNOW About Prostate Cancer

Warren Buffett, leader of Berkshire Hathaway Inc. and the third-richest man in the global world, revealed yesterday (April 17) he has prostate cancer. Buffett is among about 240,year 000 men who’ll be identified as having prostate cancer in the usa this.

Listed below are five things you need to know about prostate cancer.

Disease of later years

Prostate cancer is most common amongst men over age 65, and is situated in men under age 40 rarely, based on the National Institutes of Health. It’s the second most common cancer in men, after skin cancer, based on the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Autopsy studies also show as much as 75 percent of men over age 85 had prostate cancer if they died, although disease had not been necessarily lethal, based on the U.S. Preventative Services Task Force.

Many prostate cancers are slow growing and can not affect a man’s health or life, because men die from other notable causes before they are killed by the cancer, the duty force says.

Screening is controversial

Doctors can screen for prostate cancer using the prostate-specific antigen (PSA) blood test, but its use in healthy men without symptoms remains controversial. Year Last, the duty force recommended against routine prostate cancer screening in healthy men, saying that for all those ages 50 to 69, the advantage of screening was small to none.

Studies on this issue have conflicting results. A recently available study of 76,000 men ages 55 to 74 in the usa found men who underwent yearly screening for prostate cancer were just as more likely to die from the condition as those that underwent screening only when their doctor recommended it. However, month found prostate cancer screening does save lives a European study published last, but might need to be completed for a lot more than 10 years to get a benefit.

The American Cancer Society recommends men consult with their doctor the professionals and cons of PSA screening to produce a decision about whether testing is right for them.

Overdiagnosis a problem

A significant nervous about PSA testing is that it finds cancers that could do not have been diagnosed otherwise, meaning the cancers wouldn’t normally have gone to cause significant health issues for patients. In the recent European study, about 50 % of cancers detected by PSA tests fell into this category.

Such overdiagnosis is a nagging problem because men may receive tests and treatment they don’t need. Unwanted effects of prostate cancer treatment include erectile loss and dysfunction of urinary control.

Monitoring instead of treating

Currently, about ten percent of men identified as having prostate cancer delay treatment, as the remaining 90 percent receive treatments such as for example radiation or surgery therapy, based on the National Institutes of Health.

However, year about 40 percent of men diagnosed each, or 100,000 men in the usa, could delay treatment with a technique called active surveillance, according to a recently available NIH panel. Under active surveillance, patients with low-risk prostate cancer receive regular follow-up testing and so are treated only when the cancer becomes more aggressive.

Many professionals believe active surveillance is a method to decrease the harms of screening.

Reducing risks

One method to reduce prostate cancer risk has been diet. Studies also show vegetarians have a lesser threat of prostate cancer than men who eat meat, based on the National Institutes of Health. A nutrient called lycopene, within tomatoes, has been regularly linked with lower prostate cancer risk, based on the Mayo Clinic. Evidence also shows that vitamin D may lower men’s threat of creating a deadly kind of prostate cancer.

Exercise to keep up a wholesome weight may also lessen your risk, the Mayo Clinic says. Obesity has been proven to raise the threat of aggressive prostate cancer.

This story was supplied by MyHealthNewsDaily, a sister site to LiveScience. Follow staff writer Rachael Rettner on Twitter @RachaelRettner MyHealthNewsDaily. Find us on Facebook.

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5 Things YOU HAVE TO KNOW About Prostate Cancer