5 Weird Ramifications of Bug Bites

Introduction

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Most bug bites are simply itchy and annoying and, generally, hang in there for just a few days. But in rare circumstances, bug bites can involve some strange effects, from heart attacks to paralysis.

Listed below are five really weird ramifications of bug bites:

Heart attacks

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You almost certainly understand that bug bites could cause (sometimes very serious) allergies, but how about heart attacks?

Indeed, in rare circumstances, insect bites and stings can trigger heart disease, including heart attacks. That’s what happened to a 45-year-old man in England who was simply stung by a wasp. Although he’d never really had an allergic attack to a bite before, he suddenly developed a rash and an ache in his left arm after being stung by a yellow jacket, according to a 2017 case report.

The man’s coronary attack ended up being the consequence of a serious allergic attack to the sting. Doctors believe that his disease fighting capability cells caused plaque in his artery to burst, reducing blood circulation to the heart.

Erections

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It’s a «natural Viagra» of sorts: The venom of a South American spider could cause long, painful erections.

Men who are bitten by the Brazilian wandering spider (Phoneutria nigriventer) can experience serious symptoms, including hours-long erections. This is really because a toxin in the venom, called PnTx2-6, raises degrees of nitric oxide, a chemical that increases blood circulation and is involved with creating erections.

Actually, researchers are studying whether PnTx2-6 could possibly be used to build up a fresh drug to take care of erection dysfunction.

Meat allergy

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It’s a steak lover’s nightmare: You suddenly become allergic to red meat.

But this may happen to those who are bitten by lone star ticks (Amblyomma americanum), within the southern and eastern USA. In rare circumstances, people bitten by these ticks develop an allergy to a molecule called «alpha-gal» (galactose-alpha-1,3-galactose) which is situated in beef, pork, lamb and other red meats.

People who have this allergy can form hives, swelling, nausea or other allergic reactions about 3 to 6 hours after eating red meat. More rarely, people may experience a life-threatening allergic attack referred to as anaphylaxis.

The primary treatment is strict avoidance of red meat, although some patients may be able to tolerate small amounts of red meat over time, according to Vanderbilt University INFIRMARY.

Stroke

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Insect stings will not only trigger heart attacks but also result in strokes. That was the case for a 44-year-old man in Ohio who was simply stung on his leg by a wasp, according to a 2016 case report.

About one hour after getting stung, the person developed symptoms of stroke, including difficulty speaking and paralysis using one side of his body.br> There are many ways a wasp sting could trigger a stroke. Compounds in wasp venom result in a person’s arteries to constrict, which could potentially result in a stroke. (A stroke happens when blood circulation to section of the brain is blocked.)

Wasp stings may possibly also trigger an irregular heartbeat that escalates the threat of blood clots, which, subsequently, could result in a stroke, the report said.

Paralysis

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Nobody likes mosquito bites. However in rare circumstances, they are able to result in a life-threatening neurological illness.

This may happen when people contract West Nile virus, which is spread by mosquitoes. A lot of people who are infected with West Nile virus haven’t any symptoms, but about 1 percent develop serious neurological symptoms, including convulsions, vision loss, paralysis and numbness, based on the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. In 2016, it had been reported an Arizona man became paralyzed from the waist down after he contracted West Nile from a mosquito bite.

Neurological symptoms happen when the virus crosses the blood-brain barrier and causes inflammation of the mind or the tissues that surround the mind and spinal-cord.

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5 Weird Ramifications of Bug Bites