Countless studies have proven the ongoing health advantages of having newborn boys circumcised, researchers say. However the practice is debated and rates are dwindling in lots of areas highly.
A fresh policy statement from the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) will probably throw fuel on the fiery controversy surrounding male infant circumcision.
The AAP’s statement touts the medical advantages of circumcision while stopping short of recommending the task, which opponents decry as unnecessary and painful. For example, new research has discovered that circumcision lowers the chance of acquiring sexually transmitted infections, including HIV, genital herpes, human syphilis and papillomavirus.
Circumcision appears to be on the decline in the usa (a 2005 Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality study put the rate at about 56 percent), however the practice has religious and cultural roots long. Are five circumcision facts that will come as a surprise Here.
1. It had been once touted as an end to paralysis
In the late 1800s, doctors considered circumcision to «cure» a range of ailments, from childhood fevers to brass poisoning to paralysis. This era was a boom time for genital surgery — women were losing their ovaries to the knife in the name of curing hysteria — nonetheless it was an 1870 case that shone the spotlight on circumcision.
Writing in the journal Transactions of the American Medical Association, Lewis Sayre, a professor of orthopedic surgery at Bellevue Hospital Medical College, told the tale to be called to the bedside of a 5-year-old boy whose knees were flexed and paralyzed, stopping him from walking.
During his examination, Sayre uncovered that the boy’s foreskin had contracted, causing the kid great pain. Speculating that the foreskin problem may be the way to obtain the boy’s «physical prostration and nervous exhaustion,» Sayre conducted a circumcision the very next day. In under fourteen days, Sayre reported, the boy again was walking.
Whatever the reason for the boy’s paralysis and miraculous cure, the foreskin can on occasion become trapped over the top of the penis, a condition called phimosis. Modern cures include circumcision, manual stretching of the foreskin, or preputioplasty, an procedure to widen the foreskin. [Macho Man: 10 Wild FACTUAL STATEMENTS ABOUT His Body]
2. The foreskin is more technical than you may think
The foreskin isn’t only skin. Think about it as similar to an eyelid for male genitals. Inside, the foreskin comprises of mucous membrane, analogous to the within of the eyelid or the within of the mouth. It’s this moist environment that appears to be accountable for the foreskin’s association with sexually transmitted infections. The foreskin also contains a huge number of Langerhans cells, a kind of immune cell targeted by HIV infection.
Women have a foreskin equivalent, too: the clitoral hood, which protects the clitoris much as the glans are covered by the foreskin. The foreskin and the clitoral hood, known in gender-neutral conditions as the prepuce, evolve from the same tissue in the womb. [10 Odd FACTUAL STATEMENTS ABOUT the feminine Body]
3. The first-recorded circumcision happened in Egypt
So far as we realize from the historical record, the land of the pharaohs pioneered circumcision. The initial reference to the task goes back to around 2400 B.C. A bas-relief in the ancient burial ground of Saqqara depicts a number of medical scenes, including a flint-knife circumcision and a surgeon explaining, «The ointment is to create it acceptable,» likely discussing some kind of topical anaseptic.
Ancient Egyptian circumcisions weren’t done in infancy, but marked the transition from boyhood to adulthood instead. The Greeks saw their Mediterranean neighbors’ tradition as rather bizarre. In the fifth century, Herodotus made his opinion known in his work «THE ANNALS of Herodotus.»
«They practice circumcision with regard to cleanliness,» he wrote of the Egyptians, «great deal of thought easier to be cleanly than comely.»
4. It could have caught on as a status symbol
A rise in hospital births and a notion of circumcision as promoting cleanliness certainly contributed to the rise of the task in the usa. However the procedure may have been a status symbol aswell.
Writing in the University of Cincinnati Law Review in 2003, Seton Hall University law professor Sarah Waldeck highlights that Sayre and his circumcision-promoting colleagues came onto the scene just as hospital births were becoming more prevalent. The wealthy were much more likely to visit the hospital and also have a physician-attended birth; thus, circumcision became a marker of class. The necessity to circumcise became a social norm essentially, Waldeck writes. It had been what «good» parents chose. As increasingly more parents made the decision, it became odder and odder never to, which in turn put more pressure on parents to select circumcision so the youngster will be «normal.»
5. Circumcisions leave unique marks
Most circumcisions in the usa are finished with among three devices: the Mogen Clamp, the Plastibell and the Gomco clamp. The Mogen clamp is a scissorlike device comprising two flat blades used that are clamped over the foreskin, cutting off blood circulation. A scalpel can be used to slice away the tip of the foreskin then.
The Plastibell is a plastic device that is positioned over the relative head of the penis, beneath the foreskin. The physician or nurse ties a string around the foreskin then, cutting off circulation. The string could be used as a guide for the surgical removal of the foreskin, a week roughly or the Plastibell could be left on for, and the dead foreskin will fall off alone.
The Gomco clamp can be inserted between your head of the penis and the foreskin. Again, the surgeon clamps these devices over the foreskin, cutting off circulation. After about 5 minutes, the blood around the clamp will start to clot, and the surgeon runs on the scalpel to cut away the foreskin. This technique sometimes leaves a unique light brown scar on the top of the penis.
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