This image shows Hurricane Sandy parts and debris of destroyed houses in Breezy Point on Nov. 12, 2012 in the Queens, N.Y.
Some individuals and places might never be the same since Hurricane Sandy hit the northern Atlantic Coast on Oct. 29, 2012. The lingering effects include lives irreplaceable and lost mementos. Barrier islands forever were changed. However the vulnerabilities revealed by Superstorm Sandy may possibly also help to make the East Coast better prepared for another big hurricane.
Listed below are five ways Hurricane Sandy totally changed the East Coast:
1. Hurricane warnings revamped
Superstorm Sandy was a «post-tropical cyclone» — not really a hurricane — when it pummeled the northern Atlantic Coast. This meant responsibility for storm warnings had shifted from the National Hurricane Center to the National Weather Service and its own fleet of environment offices. Of 1 unified message Instead, there is a flurry of individual warnings from the elements offices, leading to widespread confusion about the type of the threat from Sandy, in November 2012 according to an assessment by the University of Pennsylvania published.
Now, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), which oversees both agencies, has changed its policy. Even if an enormous storm like Sandy drops below the tropical-storm category, the National Hurricane Center can issue storm watches and warnings still.
2. Barrier islands shift
Barrier islands will be the long, thin offshore islands that help protect the mainland from a robust beating by storms. Superstorm Sandy pummeled barrier islands in New New and York Jersey. New York’s Fire Island lost over fifty percent of its beach and dune sand. In Mantoloking, N.J. (a borough of Ocean County, N.J.), almost the whole dune vanished from the borough’s barrier island. Waves breached also, or cut through, islands in both continuing states.
Hurricane Sandy severely eroded dunes and lowered the beach elevation burning Island in NY. (Image credit: USGS)
3. Flood evacuation zones
Drowning poses the best threat of death during hurricanes. New evacuation zones in NEW YORK and new storm-surge maps for the Atlantic and Gulf coasts can help save lives within the next storm.
In NEW YORK, the worst damage originated from Sandy’s storm surge. The flooding went beyond the city’s mandatory evacuation zone. The brand new maps add 600,000 more folks to possible evacuation zones and divide residents into six zones, for a far more detailed risk evaluation. [Storm Surge Video: Deadliest Part of a Hurricane]
In July 2013, the U.S. Geological Survey released a fresh assessment of coastal vulnerability to storm-surge erosion and flooding from hurricanes.
4. NY gets phone friendly
Soon after Hurricane Sandy, New Yorkers who still had power snaked electrical cords and power strips out their windows and doors so strangers could charge their phones. A lifeline in the times following storm, these impromptu charging stations are a long lasting feature now. AT&In June 2013 at 25 parks T started installing solar-powered charging stations, beaches and other popular outdoor spaces through the entire five boroughs.
5. Lost homes
Some individuals won’t move back — their houses were on sand washed inland or applied for to sea. Others have accepted funded buyouts federally, including 300 property owners on New York’s Staten Island who’ve decided to a long lasting move. They shall sell their homes, which is razed and changed into a park or even to marshland back.
Editor’s note: The positioning of Mantoloking in Ocean County, N.J., not Ocean City, was corrected.
Email Becky Oskin or follow her @beckyoskin. Follow us @livescience, Facebook & Google+. Initial article on LiveScience.